• 1) By 1776, iron had replaced the wood in the rails and wheels on the carts.
  • 2) These primitive railed roads consisted of wooden rails over which horse-drawn wagons or carts moved with greater ease than over dirt roads. Wagonways were the beginnings of modern railroads.
  • 3) In 1789, Englishman, William Jessup designed the first wagons with flanged wheels.
  • 4) Roads of rails called Wagonways were being used in Germany as early as 1550.
  • 5) The flange was a groove that allowed the wheels to better grip the rail, this was an important design that carried over to later locomotives.
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